Amazon – Xixuau Xiparina Reserve

Roraima (Tupi: Green Plateau) is the northernmost and least populated state of Brazil, located in the Amazon region. It borders the states of Amazonas and Pará, as well as the nations of Venezuela and Guyana.
The state’s southern part is located in the Amazon rainforest, while the north has open grassland fields, and there is a small strip of savanna to the east.
Roraima is the state in Brazil with the greatest number of areas dedicated to indigenous reserves, covering 46,37% of it’s territory – 104.018,00 km² – which summed up to areas of federal property, of the army and Conservation Areas, leaves only 9,99% of effective property to the state itself. This explains why various political personalities are continuosly fighting against the institution of new preservation areas.
The state is rich in mineral deposits – especially gold, diamonds, cassiterite, bauxite, marble and copper. Many of these deposits are located in indigenous reserves, and illegal mining has resulted in frequent conflicts with the native population. Illegal logging, illegal commercial fishing and illegal hunting are also a constant threat to the environment and native populations.
The Xixuaú-Xiparinã Reserve is situated in the south of Roraima, 70km south of the equator and 500km north west from Manaus, along the Jauaperi river, a tributary of the rio Negro. It comprises now 172.000 hectares of pristine partly unexplored rainforest.
To the north the reserve borders with the territory of the Waimiri-Atraoari.